[22] Although he initially refused to co-operate, the payment of 50 pounds of gold helped change his mind. After a two-month joint reign Zoë married a former lover who was installed as Constantine IX, transferring power to him, However, she continued to rule the empire as the heir to the empire and the emperor's wife as the Byzantine empress. [25] The disgruntled empress conspired against John but in vain. (Constantine Palaeologus), d. 1453, last Byzantine emperor (1449–53), brother and successor of John VIII John VIII. [5] He proceeded to crown Michael as the new emperor of the Romans, to reign as Michael IV until his death in 1041. [27] Eager to ensure that power remained in his hands, John the Eunuch forced Zoë to adopt Michael, the son of his and Michael IV's sister. [17] This failure to conceive helped alienate the couple, and soon Romanos refused to share the marriage bed with her. Romanos III Argyros(Greek: Ρωμανός Γ΄ Αργυρός; 968 – 11 April 1034), or Romanus III Argyrus, was Byzantine Emperorfrom 15 November 1028 until his death. [33] At an assembly in Hagia Sophia the people escorted a furious Theodora and proclaimed her empress along with Zoë. [43], Zoë got more than she bargained for when Constantine decided to bring with him to his new station his long-standing mistress Maria Skleraina. Once Michael V became emperor, he promptly exiled Zoë. Constantine was crowned co-emperor with his father in 720 CE. [35] After crowning the two empresses the mob stormed the palace, forcing Michael V to escape to a monastery. Zoë, aged 50, was married to Romanos Argyros. He was nominal co-emperor for 63 years, successively with his father; stepfather, Nikephoros II Phokas; uncle, John I Tzimiskes; and brother, Basil II. [33], A delegation headed by Patrician Constantine Cabasilas[34] went to the monastery at Petrion to convince Theodora to become co-empress alongside her sister. $5,198.80. When he acceded, the Byzantine Empire had been reduced by the Turks to the city of Constantinople. Of noble family, he was a prefect of Constantinople when he was compelled by the dying emperor, Constantine VIII, to marry his daughter Zoe and to become his successor. His reign as sole emperor lasted less than three years, from 15 December 1025 to 11 November 1028. In 1041, Zoë was persuaded to adopt her dying husband's nephew, Michael Kalaphates. [5], In the eyes of the public however, Constantine IX's preferential treatment of Skleraina was a scandal, and eventually rumours began to spread that Skleraina was planning to murder Zoë, and possibly Theodora. [46] This led to a popular uprising by the citizens of Constantinople in 1044, which came dangerously close to actually harming Constantine who was participating in a religious procession along the streets of Constantinople. Her father ascended the Byzantine throne as Constantine VIII. [29][30], Although he had pledged to respect Zoë, Michael V promptly banished her to a monastery on Principus, an island in the Sea of Marmara, on charges of attempted regicide. True False 9. Constantine's position improved after he married his second wife, a niece of Emperor Romanos III Argyros. His powerful personality laid the foundations of post-classical European … He was the younger son of Emperor Romanos II and Empress Theophano. Romanus III Argyrus, (born c. 968—died April 11/12, 1034), Byzantine emperor from 1028 to 1034. As he had no sons, Constantine hoped to continue the dynasty by marrying off one of his daughters. Born in May, 905 g. + November 959 g. * * * The fate of Constantine from the very beginning was not so easy. He was a pleasure-loving man who allowed the administration to fall into the hands of others. [5], Her preference was for Constantine Dalassenos, who had been her father's first choice as her husband back in 1028. They were married on the same day as the supposed murder, and he was crowned Emperor Michael IV on the following day. [4] His brother Basil II, the senior co-ruler, prevented his nieces from marrying any of the Byzantine nobility, as this would have given their husbands a claim on the imperial throne. Constantine VII, called Porphyrogennetos because he was born "in the purple" to a reigning emperor, was Roman Emperor and Caliph of Islam from 912 to 959. Constantine VII (19 November 843-3 April 879) was the Emperor of the Byzantine Empire and the Frankish Empire from 21 of December to his death in 879. [41] Zoë was still jealous of Theodora and had no desire to administer the empire; but she would not allow Theodora to conduct public business alone. Arnulf therefore selected the attractive 23-year-old Zoë, to which Basil II agreed. The next day Constantine died and the newly-weds were seated on the imperial throne. Gregory VII restricted the use of the title of “Pope” to the Roman bishop. Reign December 15, 1025 – November 11, 1028 Full name Constantine VIII) Predecessor Basil II Successor Romanos Argyros. Michael V, desperate to keep his throne, brought Zoë back from Principus and displayed her to the people,[32] but his insistence that he continue to rule alongside her was in vain. [3] Another opportunity for Zoë to marry arose in 1028, when an embassy from the Holy Roman Empire arrived in Constantinople with a proposal for an imperial marriage. [20] According to court official and later chronicler Michael Psellus some of his retinue had "held his head for a long time beneath the water, attempting at the same time to strangle him". Michael V, desperate to keep his throne, brought Zoë back from Principus and displayed her to the people,[32] but his insistence that he continue to rule alongside her was in vain. [48] Zoë recognised her own beauty and its use as a tool of statecraft. [38], Officially Zoë was the senior empress, and her throne was situated slightly in front of Theodora's on all public occasions. Garland, Lynda. Constantine’s rule began with a series of regencies: first by his mother, Zoe, whose councilors were selfish and avaricious, and then Romanus Lecapenus , an admiral of the navy who was initially appointed as “guardian of the emperor” but came to be elevated as full Augustus himself. Showing Basil and his brother and successor Emperor Constantine VIII. In practice Theodora was the driving force behind the joint administration. [20] He died under mysterious circumstances a few days before the wedding was to take place, possibly poisoned by his own soon to be ex-wife. Skleraina was given the title of sebaste, ranking behind Zoë and Theodora, and was addressed as mistress or empress, like them. [3] Her father became co-emperor, at the age of two, in 962. [13], Spending years in the same restrictive quarters with her sister, Zoë had come to loathe Theodora. Constantius II. Zoë later visited her sister and forced her to take religious vows. $12,997.00. Despite the machinations of his younger brother Demetrios Palaiologos his mother Helena was able to secure Constantine XI's succession in 1448. Constantine VII Porphyrogenitos (913-959) Romanos Lekapenos(919-944) Constantine VII. [6], As an eligible imperial princess Zoë was considered a possible bride for the Holy Roman Emperor, Otto III, in 996. In 1041, Zoë was persuaded to adopt her dying husband's nephew, Michael Kalaphates. Constantine XI (Constantine Palaeologus), d. 1453, last Byzantine emperor (1449–53), brother and successor of John VIII John VIII (John Palaeologus), 1390–1448, Byzantine emperor (1425–48), son and successor of Manuel II. A gold Byzantine nomisma coin depicting Emperor Constantine VII (r. 945-959 CE) and his son and successor Romanos II (r. 959-963 CE). She was the second daughter of Constantine VIII and his wife Helena. [41] Zoë was still jealous of Theodora and had no desire to administer the empire; but she would not allow Theodora to conduct public business alone. He was the son of the Emperor Romanos II and Theophano, and the younger brother of the eminent Basil II, who died childless and thus left the rule of the Byzantine Empire in his hands. [26] Zoë was confined again to the palace gynaeceum, and kept under strict surveillance. He was nominal co-emperor for 63 years, successively with his father; stepfather, Nikephoros II Phokas; uncle, John I Tzimiskes; and brother, Basil II. [5] Theodora defied her father by refusing to marry Romanos, arguing that he was already married – his wife having been forced to become a nun to allow Romanos to marry into the imperial family[10]:465 – and that as third cousins they had too close a blood relationship for marriage to occur. The next day Constantine died and the newly-weds were seated on the imperial throne. Tzimiskes was succeeded by his ward and nephew, Basil II, who had been nominal co-emperor since 960. Attempting to maximise and prolong its effect she had a variety of creams and treatments prepared in the gynaeceum, and was said to have carried out experiments attempting to improve their efficacy. Imperial throne 4 February 708 Rome, Byzantine emperor ( 1425–48 ), Byzantine Empire loathe Theodora empress with... 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