[16] In late 2007, the Foundation's charter was revoked,[17] but by May 2008 the State of New Mexico declared that the Gentoo Foundation, Inc. had returned to good standing and was free to do business. Based on Gentoo Linux, exGENT is a distro created by Arne Exton and designed for advanced Linux users and anyone else who really wants to learn Linux. [18], Gentoo appeals to Linux users who want full control of the software that is installed and running on their computer. The Gentoo/FreeBSD project already has a working guide based on FreeSBIE,[30] while Gentoo/NetBSD, Gentoo/OpenBSD and Gentoo/DragonFly are being developed. Marcos Rodriguez writes “New Easy to use Linux Distribution has been released, its name is Vidalinux Desktop OS and its a Gentoo-based Linux Distro, its main goal is to make Desktop users feel at home with Linux.It has all kinds of softwares that desktop users need in their everyday life.It also has web-plugins pre-installed, like […] Precompiled binaries are available for some larger packages or those with no available source code. Gentoo is installed by manually partitioning a device, extracting a stage3 tarball, extracting a portage snapshot, compiling a kernel, installing a bootloader, and then configuring various files that are needed to get it up and running. It uses a BSD-style ports system called portage for package management. [21] Package compilation may also be distributed over multiple computers. Gentoo Linux (em inglês /ˈdʒɛntuː/) é uma metadistribuição baseada no sistema gerenciador de pacotes portage.A nomenclatura usada no desenvolvimento do sistema e seus produtos é inspirada na espécie de pinguim Gentoo.Seu gerenciamento de pacotes é projetado para ser modular, portátil, fácil de manter, flexível e otimizado para a máquina usuária. [19]:387, Portage is Gentoo's software distribution and package management system. This page was last edited on 5 January 2021, at 12:26. Profiles formerly tracked the versioning of install media, and switched to two-digit year naming after the discontinuation of versioned media. English. Gentoo promptly responded by containing the attack and improving security practices. "A Linux system rescue disk available as a bootable CD-ROM or USB stick for administrating or repairing your system and data after a crash." Gentoo is more flexible, easier to maintain, and more portable compared to other operating systems. [38], From 2003 until 2008, the Gentoo Reference Platform (GRP) was a snapshot of prebuilt packages that users could quickly install during the Gentoo installation process, to give faster access to a fully functional Gentoo installation. It is available for both 32-bit and 64-bit architectures and is can be run as an overlay on an existing Gentoo installation. [14] The Gentoo Council members are elected annually, for a period of one year, by the active Gentoo developers. "all" - Build kernel, all modules, and create the initramfs. ==What is the reason that you would use Gentoo?==After many months, the much requested Gentoo review is here. For beginners it's useful to choose for a starting distro due to its various stages that can be very time consuming but beneficial as you learn the composition in general of Linux. Portage is the spline of Gentoo. According to their website, Funtoo is “a community-developed Linux meta-distribution based upon Gentoo Linux. [75] Previously, the project included patches to produce a hardened kernel, but these were discontinued. A normal install requires a connection to the Internet, but there is also a guide for a network-less install. In 2004, Gentoo began to version its Live media by year rather than numerically. [31] There is also a project to get Portage working on OpenSolaris. Extreme configurability, performance, and a top-notch user and developer community are all hallmarks of the Gentoo experience. Gentoo is a version of the Linux operating system, based on the Portage package management system and is available for free as open source software. Gentoo may be installed in several ways. Gentoo package management is designed to be modular, portable, easy to maintain, and flexible. We all know by now that Gentoo is one of the hardest Linux-based operating systems to install due to packages needing to be compiled from sources locally. [83] Unofficial mascots include Larry The Cow[4] and Znurt the Flying Saucer.[84]. Like other Linux distributions, Gentoo systems have an /etc/gentoo-release file, but this contains the version of the installed sys-apps/baselayout package. As with many Linux distributions, Gentoo may be installed from almost any Linux environment, such as another Linux distribution's Live CD, Live USB, or Network Booting using the "Gentoo Alternative Install Guide". Funtoo is led by Daniel Robbins, the creator of Gentoo Linux, and actively developed by the Funtoo community.” In 2009, a special Live DVD was released to celebrate Gentoo's tenth anniversary. Gentoo is source-based Linux distribution, this can give better performance. ", "A variant of Gentoo Linux with an emphasis on server deployment on x86_64 platforms". These profiles are versioned based on the year they were released, and include several variants for each release targeted towards different types of systems (such as servers and desktops). DistroWatch: Distributions based on Gentoo: Active, DistroWatch: Distributions based on Gentoo: Dormant, DistroWatch: Distributions based on Gentoo: Discontinued, https://wiki.gentoo.org/index.php?title=Distributions_based_on_Gentoo&oldid=888093, "Server, Workstation development and enterprise oriented distribution based on Gentoo", "Telephony Platform. It allows very fine control of which services are installed and running. ServerWare software. [citation needed], In June 2018 the Gentoo GitHub code repository mirror used mainly by developers was hacked after an attacker gained access to an organization administrator's account via deducing the password. Arne Exton’s exGENT GNU/Linux distribution aims to continue the tradition of Gentoo-based live distros with a new release that puts the latest LXQt 0.14.1 desktop environment in the spotlight. You can choose build options, optimisation and whatever else fancy stuff you want modified. ", "CloverOS GNU/Linux is a Gentoo image (stage4) and binhost optimized for performance that aims to be both minimal and out of the box. [43] On December 20, 2008, the first weekly builds were published. [19]:386, As Gentoo does not impose a standard look and feel, installed packages usually appear as their authors intended. Parent of Argent and Kogaion; RogentOS stands for "Romanian Gentoo Operating Systems Group". [20], A single invocation of portage's .mw-parser-output .monospaced{font-family:monospace,monospace}emerge command can update the local copy of the Gentoo repository, search for a package, or download, compile, and install one or more packages and their dependencies. [32], It is also possible to install a Gentoo Prefix (provided by a project that maintains alternative installation methods for Gentoo) in a Cygwin environment on Windows, but this configuration is experimental.[33]. Gentoo Linux is a source-based Linux distributions for very tech savvy hobbyist who like to tinker with their operating system. Other parts of the hardened set, such as SELinux, and userspace hardening remain. Because of this highly manual approach to installing the system, always keep in mind that install… Unlike other distros, Gentoo Linux has an advanced package management system called … The most common way is to use the Gentoo minimal CD with a stage3 tarball (explained below). Elle a été conçue pour être modulaire, portable et optimisée pour le matériel de l'utilisateur. Although Gentoo does not have a concept of versioning the entire system, it does make use of "profiles", which define build configuration for all packages in the system. [24], Originally built on the IA-32 architecture, Gentoo has since been ported to many others. Memory usage can also be reduced compared to other distributions by omitting unnecessary kernel features and services. crazypens30 • Jan 2019 • 3 agrees and 0 disagrees Gentoo Linux (/ˈdʒɛn.tu/) est une distribution GNU/Linux dite source. Ezt úgy éri el, hogy az összes program alapvetően forrásból telepíthető a felhasználó által … "kernel" - Build the kernel and the modules. Portage uses CFLAGS, these environment variables are used to specify compilation options. The main mission is to show users the power of Gentoo while offering up a traditional Linux experience. [41] Once the installation was complete, the packages installed as part of the GRP were intended to be replaced by the user with the same or newer versions built through Portage that would be built using the users' system configuration rather than the generic builds provided by the GRP. The project aims to create a better Linux Kernel maintenance experience by providing ebuilds that can be used to configure, compile, and install a kernel entirely through the package manager as well as prebuilt binary kernels. Also, non-trivial hard disk setups like LVM and/or dm-crypt for full disk encryption make usage of an initramfs unavoidable; here genkernel can save the user from manually creating one. [10] In 2004, Robbins set up the non-profit Gentoo Foundation, transferred all copyrights and trademarks to it, and stepped down as chief architect of the project. A Gentoo Linux (kiejtés /ˈdʒɛntuː/ dzsen-tú) egy Linux-disztribúció.A tervezésénél fő szempont volt a modularitás, hordozhatóság és az optimalizálhatóság a felhasználó gépének megfelelően. ", Portuguese desktop live CD for simple tasks (e.g. It is designed to allow users with little or no experience configuring a Linux kernel to easily set up a working kernel. Major changes, such as changing the layout of how files are installed across the entire system, typically involve a profile upgrade and may require rebuilding all installed software. ", "A VMWare virtual appliance that builds a bootable ISO image containing a stripped-down custom version of Gentoo Linux, focused on providing firewall and other services to a network. The Gentoo Distribution Kernel project is excited to announce that our new Linux Kernel packages are ready for a wide audience! However, one can choose to use a custom kernel configuration and use genkernel to compile it, and still benefit from other features such as the initramfs builder. Gentoo is a free operating system based on Linux that can be automatically optimized and customized for just about any application or need. Gentoo Linux – dystrybucja systemu operacyjnego GNU/Linux.Jej nazwa powstała od pingwina białobrewego, który po angielsku nazywa się Gentoo penguin.Naczelnymi założeniami tej dystrybucji są konfigurowalność, usprawnienie przenośności i optymalizacja pod kątem sprzętu użytkownika. Using Redcore Linux. It is a friendly fork of CoreOS Container Linux and as such, compatible with it. Gentoo appeals to Linux users who want full control of the software that is installed and running on their computer. [39][40] These packages included KDE, X Window System, OpenOffice, GNOME, and Mozilla. There are a number of independently developed variants of Gentoo Linux, including Chromium OS and Container Linux. Gentoo este o distribuție Linux, creată de Daniel Robbins, versiunea 1.0 fiind lansată în anul 2002.Spre deosebire de alte distribuții Linux, sistemul de operare, bibliotecile și aplicațiile sunt instalate în cea mai mare parte prin compilarea codului sursă pentru calculatorul pe care se face instalarea sau prin împachetarea manual-configurată. Funtoo Linux is a Gentoo-based distribution developed by Daniel Robbins (the founder and former project leader of Gentoo Linux) and a core team of developers, built around a basic vision of improving the core technologies in Gentoo Linux. Gentoo is a free operating system based on Linux that can be automatically optimized and customized for just about any application or need. Stage1 and stage2 are meant only for Gentoo developers.[34]. Calculate Linux 20 is based on Gentoo 17.1 and comes with several desktop environment choices, such as Cinnamon, KDE, Xfce, MATE, and more. [44] In 2009, a special Live DVD was created to celebrate the Gentoo 10-year anniversary.[45]. [20], Pre-compiled binaries are provided for some applications with long build times, such as LibreOffice and Mozilla Firefox, but users lose the ability to customize optional features. Gentoo is a source-based, highly configurable GNU/Linux or FreeBSD operating system. It’s one of the very few up-to-date live Gentoo systems. The main reason for genkernel is that you have to configure and build your own kernel during the installation of Gentoo (a potential problem for new Linux users). Most distros include some form of graphical installer. In Sabayon everything should just work. [23], As Gentoo is a source-based distribution with a repository describing how to build the packages, adding instructions to build on different machine architectures is particularly easy. Genkernel is a tool for building a general-purpose, modular Linux kernel. Gentoo Linux is a special flavor of Linux that can be automatically optimized and customized for just about any application or need. Same as Arch Linux, Gentoo is an Open Source meta-distribution build from sources, based on Linux Kernel, embracing the same rolling release model, aimed for speed and complete customizable for different hardware architectures which compiles software sources locally for best performance using an advanced package management – Portage. The Gentoo repository contains over 19,000 packages ready for installation in a Gentoo system. The most important reason people chose Gentoo Linux is: You build the package from a source you can see and read. Ceci est géré grâce au logiciel Portage d… In addition, users may also use an existing kernel known to work on their system by simply copying it to the boot directory, or installing one of the provided pre-compiled kernel packages, and updating their bootloader. Pentoo is an open-source Live CD and Live USB Gentoo Linux-based operating system designed for experts in the field of penetration testing and security assessment. This makes Gentoo Studio a pretty capable Linux based Digital Audio Workstation or DAW. [5] At least one version of Enoch was distributed: version 0.75, in December 1999. Extreme configurability, performance, and a top-notch user and developer community are all hallmarks of the Gentoo experience. Basically meaning how in depth you would want to go into the process of installation. Ainsi, la majeure partie des programmes devront être compilés à partir du code source. We aim to deliver the best "out of the box" user experience by providing the latest open source technologies in an elegant format. However, if so desired, a user may still rebuild the toolchain or reinstall the base system software during or after a normal stage3 installation, effectively simulating the old bootstrap process. The built-in features can be set for individual packages, or globally, with so-called "USE flags". The name was chosen to reflect the potential speed improvements of machine-specific optimization, which is a major feature of Gentoo. network access, editing documents, playing media files), "It’s an embedded GNU/Linux distribution specifically developed to fit the NAO robot needs. Before October 2005, installation could be started from any of three base stages: Since October 2005, only the stage3 installations have been officially supported, due to the inherent complexities of bootstrapping from earlier stages (which requires resolving and then breaking numerous circular dependencies). "[9], Gentoo Linux 1.0 was released on March 31, 2002. Gentoo Studio is an unofficial mod of the Gentoo operating system. The purpose of this page is to collect information on all current distributions that are based on Gentoo. The goal was to create a distribution without precompiled binaries that was tuned to the hardware and only included required programs. When a member of the Council retires, the successor is voted into place by the existing Council members. Experienced Linux users generally prefer to configure and build their kernel manually, because genkernel tries to configure the kernel as safely as possible and can cause the kernel to grow very large. The name "Gentoo Linux" acknowledges both the Linux mascot, a penguin called Tux, and the project's aim to produce a high performance operating system. Redcore Linux is based off Gentoo’s testing branch so you can expect near bleeding-edge updates to your system. Newer releases of SystemRescueCd are not based on Gentoo. This Handbook contains the installation instructions for an Internet-based installation and basic instructions about working with Portage, Gentoo's package manager. ", "UNetbootin – Universal Netboot Installer", "Gentoo Linux Newsletter – November 14th, 2005", "Stage1/2 deprecation from Gentoo Handbook", "Sakaki's EFI Install Guide/Building the Gentoo Base System Minus Kernel", "Gentoo News – New release strategy to provide more current install media", "Gentoo News – First sets of weekly stage3 tarballs and minimal CDs released", "Gentoo Linux – Ten Years Compiling: 1999–2009", "Gentoo Linux Newsletter – March 1st, 2004", "Today marks the release of Gentoo Linux 2004.2 for the AMD64, HPPA, SPARC and X86 architectures! Unnecessary kernel features and services was an unofficial project to get Portage on... The versioning of install media, and Mozilla by Cygnus Solutions operating systems logiciels disponibles sous forme de paquets pour. 14 ] the Gentoo forum and on IRC maintain, and create the initramfs various other [. System, OpenOffice, GNOME, and a top-notch user and developer are... 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